Eskayan – 550 speakers – Bohol, Philippines
The Visayan gloss given by Peligro is pulung nga walay hinungdan, `word that has no reason or use'.
Eskayan is an auxiliary language that was mostly created through a relexification of Visayan. It is attributed to an ancestor by the name of Pinay but cannot be positively traced prior to the 1920s. The word buwalitundiras does not have a straightforward Visayan gloss and its meaning may point to the circumstances in which the language was created (interactions in which words are innovated and some rejected). It is partly analysable since tundiras is Eskayan for `word', although buwali- appears to be a `cranberry morpheme' with no independent meaning, perhaps itself a buwalitundiras?
Source: Wordlist compiled by Sisinia Datahan Peligro
Credit: Piers Kelly and Sisinia Datahan Peligro