be reflected in, e.g. `Abac is reflected in her daughter'.
Shilluk – 175,000 speakers – Sudan and South Sudan
This verb is similar to English resemble, except the way we interpret subject and object is reversed: the subject is the source of the resemblance, not the reflection.
This can be seen from the following example, where Abac is the subject.
ábác ɲāaar-ɛ̄ á-càaal-ɛ̀
Abac daughter-3S PAST-be.reflected-3SG
'Abac is reflected in her daughter.'
As Fillmore (1977:74) said "Languages, and lexical items, differ in interesting ways in the options they present in taking particular perspectives on complex scenes."
Credit: Bert Remijsen and Otto Gwado Ayoker (field notes)
Tear something open with the foot.
Lakhota – 6,000 speakers – USA (North and South Dakota)
Lakota verbs have obligatory prefixes that specify the body part or motion that is responsible for the action.
Source: Rising Voices (0:20:45), Robert Rankin. 2005. Quapaw. In Native languages of the Southeastern United States, 454-498. University of Nebraska Press.
Credit: Steven Bird, David Rood
Powered by a monstrous supernatural porcupine-like creature.
Nuu-chah-nulth, Nootka – 130 speakers, Canada (Vancouver Island)
This word is made from two parts:
šiˑšaˑwiˑɬ: supernatural porcupine-like creature.
-taqyo: powered by, having shamanistic power derived from.
Source: Nootka texts; tales and ethnological narratives (Edward Sapir and Morris Swadesh, 1978) pages 253, 283, 329 (https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001009910)
Credit: Anthony Woodbury
Someone who hasn't mastered the art of rolling over in a kayak.
Greenlandic, Kalaallisut – 57,000 speakers, Greenland, USA (Alaska), Canada
This word can be broken down as follows:
makittaq -a -nngit -soq
makittaq -qar -nngit -toq -0
rising -have -not -intrans -absolutive.singular
be unable to get upright
Source: Smilla’s Sense of Snow (1:04:58).
Credit: Steven Bird, Anthony Woodbury